Artificial intelligence and the human - Cross-cultural perspectives on science and fiction

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[Deadline: 2021/02/10] The Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG), the Japanese-German Center Berlin  (JDZB) and Waseda University published a call for papers for the Japanese-German conference: “Artificial Intelligence and the Human – Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Science and Fiction” (Berlin, June 17-18, 2021).

Current debates on artificial intelligence often conflate the realities of AI technologies with the fictional renditions of what they might one day become. They are said to be able to learn, make autonomous decisions or process information much faster than humans, which raises hopes and fears alike. What if these useful technologies will one day develop their own intentions that run contrary to those of humans?

The line between science and fiction is becoming increasingly blurry: what is already a fact, what is still only imagination; and is it even possible to make this clear-cut distinction? Innovation and development goals in the field of AI are inspired by popular culture, such as its portrayal in literature, comics, film or television. At the same time, images of these technologies drive discussions and set particular priorities in politics, business, journalism, religion, civil society, ethics or research. Fictions, potentials and scenarios inform a society about the hopes, risks, solutions and expectations associated with new technologies. But what is more, the discourses on AI, robots and intelligent, even sentient machines are nothing short of a mirror of the human condition: they renew fundamental questions on concepts such as consciousness, free will and autonomy or the ways we humans think, act and feel.

Imaginations about the human and technologies are far from universal, they are culturally specific. This is why a cross-cultural comparison is crucial for better understanding the relationship between AI and the human and how they are mutually constructed by uncovering those aspects that are regarded as natural, normal or given. Focusing on concepts, representations and narratives from different cultures, the conference aims to address two axes of comparison that help us make sense of the diverse realities of artificial intelligence and the ideas of what is human: Science and fiction, East Asia and the West.

Papers are invited on the following topics (among others):

  • Which meanings and functions are ascribed to AI technologies and robots?
  • How is science informed by popular discursive images of AI?
  • Which cultural differences are there concerning the relationship between the natural and the artificial? What are the particular traditions of how to represent the human and its technological surrogates?
  • What can the different cultural and conceptual histories tell us about our present and future with artificial intelligence?

For further information, please visit this website: https://www.hiig.de/en/events/ai21/